History of the Order of Christ

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The Military Order of Christ was founded in 1318 as the continuation of the Knights Templar of Tomar, following the suppression of the Templars in 1312.It was established by King Denis of Portugal, who negotiated with Pope Clement’s successor John XXII for recognition of the new order and its right to inherit the Templar assets and property.The order was secularized in 1789, and dissolved in 1910.It was revived in 1917 within the Portuguese Republic, headed by the President of Portugal, as a decoration in recognition of outstanding services to the state.



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